MetaMicrobe.com/Petroleum microbiology/Bioremediation - oil-degrading fungi

 

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Oil-degrading fungi

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Brief facts

Fungi tend to play more significant roles than bacteria in the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in soils. In aquatic systems, yeasts and filamentous fungi are predominantly associated with sediments and surface films.

The enzymatic processes used in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by fungi are similar to those used by mammalian systems. Two principal types of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases have been well characterized in yeasts and filamentous fungi. Many fungi oxidize PAHs to dihydrodiols, phenols, conjugates and other metabolites, but only a few, such as Phanerochaete chrysosporium, appear to have the ability to catabolize them completely to carbon dioxide.

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List of fungal genera important in oil bioremediation

cellular organisms - Eukaryota - Fungi/Metazoa group - Fungi

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More about oil spill bioremediation at MetaMicrobe

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